About Fatehpur SikriFatehpur Sikri is attached with the history of Mughal period. It was a newly built city around 1569 by Mughal emperor Akbar. Fatehpur Sikri remained the capital city for the Mughal dynasty for about 15 years and after that it was left abandoned due to scarcity of water. Fatehpur Sikri is about 40 km away from Agra.
Brief History of Fatehpur Sikri
The city was named as Fatehpur Sikri for two reason. As per the history, Mughal emperor Akbar the great, attacked Rajput kings of Sikrigarh several times and finally succeeded, hence, this city was named for the victory reason. On the other hand, Akbar founded this city in the memory of Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti who once said that Akbar will be blessed with a son. Hence, this city was named as Fatehpur Sikri. The Mughals also shifted their capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri; it remained the capital from 1571 till 1585.
Geography of Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri is one of the Mandals of Agra district, which is located in Uttar Pradesh. It lies 40 km towards west from the Agra and is about 77039' 46.02 East and 2705' 40.79 North as per the geographic location. Fatehpur Sikri lies in the region of hills and mountains and is situated on the bank of a natural lake. The lake is almost dry now and because of this there is a scarcity of water in the city. Fatehpur Sikri is also an extension of Vindhya range.
Climate of Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri experiences very hot summer due to its location near the desert region of Rajasthan. There is a great variance in the temperature of day and night during summer season.
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Fatehpur Sikri Tourism
Fatehpur Sikri has lots of historic monuments and places to visit. This city is an abandoned one and has very less hustle and bustle as compared to the big cities of India. It is thronged by several visitors throughout the year. Fatehpur Sikri is mostly known for its monuments and historic places which reflect the history of the city along with the art and culture that prevailed during those days.
Major tourist attractions of the Fatehpur Sikri
- Jama Masjid
- Ibadat Khana
- Buland Darwaza
- Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti
- Mariam-uz-Zamani's Palace
- Lotus Throne
- Panch Mahal
- Birbal's HouseBirbal's House
- Hiran Minar
Shopping in Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri has very less population of local people, hence, shopping places are also very less. The major area to shop in the city is near the fort. The shops are famous for the crafts and art materials that are related with the history of this city. The most popular shop in Fatehpur Sikri is Mahesh Chand Enterprises.
Festivals in Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri enjoys all the festivals of India and there is an environment of celebration throughout the year. Several big and small festivals fare celebrated in this city and are enjoyed in contribution of the visitors along with local people. The Teej festival is celebrated during the month of June and continues till August. This festival is celebrated for having prosperous marriage and worshiping the Goddess Parvati. Another festival of Fatehpur Sikri is dedicated to Hazarat Salim Chishti which is celebrated every year for 10 days. The celebration of Urs starts on 20th and continues till 29th Ramadan, in devotion to the Shaikh Salim Chisti. This festival is well supported with folk music, craft fair, poetry competition, and other cultural activities that makes this celebration a memorable one.
Healthcare Facilities in Fatehpur SikriThe dusty, sleepy township of Fatehpur Sikri sees a multitude of footfall and that too especially of tourists both domestic and international. There are a number of concerns of tourists when they visit the area one of the chief reasons for their concern is the availability of adequate health care facilities lest they be required in an emergency.
For the healthcare facilities people have to go to Agra. The hospital of Agra, which is proximal to Fatehpur Sikri, provide the best healthcare services to the city. The other nearby location is Sikandra. The following are some of the hospitals near Fatehpur Sikri.
Apollo Pankaj HospitalAmong the private sector institution there is the highly modern Apollo Pankaj Hospital that is a franchise of the international quality Apollo hospitals group.
Apollo Pankaj Hospital Address: Agra – Mathura Road, N.H. -2, Artoni, Agra
Asopa Hospital and Research CentreThere are also several research centre available in the vicinity. They provide all forms of diagnostic and clinical services. Some of the prominent research centres are situated on Gaicana Road on the Agra bypass road. These centres have the advantage of being located on the highway, near the Agra Township. This is ideal for all forms of transportation of patients, ambulances and attendants.
The Asopa Hospital and Research Centre Address: Gaucana Road, By Pass Agra - 282007
People’s Heritage Hospital Ltd.This hospital too is located on the bypass road in Jawahar Nagar and provides early access to the ambulance, vehicle transporting patients as also the vehicle of attendants. The Heritage Hospital is adequately equipped with the facilities required for providing essential care to the patients.
The People’s Heritage Hospital Ltd. Address: 7/52, A Jawahar Nagar, bypass Road, Agra 282002
Agrawal HospitalThis is another of the sought after medical facilities that provide state-of-the art facilities in healthcare delivery. Equipped well for emergencies this hospital has the ability to take care of their patients and provide the best of medical care to their patients. Among the diagnostic facilities on offer are technical inputs for blood testing, urine tests, blood pressure, X-rays, tests for diabetes, pregnancy, TB, malaria, typhoid, etc.
Agrawal Hospital Address: Agra Road, Fatehpur Sikri, Tehsil Kirawali, District Agra
Food in Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri has variety of options in food. There are several shops, restaurants, hotels and local corner shops that provide varieties of food stuffs to the local people and tourists. The shops in this city provide spicy chaats, cold lassis, thandai, Kadhai Jhinga, snacks, impressive veg and non-veg meals, etc. The delicious food of Fatehpur Sikri can be enjoyed in a comfortable place of Sher-e-Punjab Hotel and Restaurant, Hotel Vrindavan, Hotel Goverdhan Tourist Complex, etc.
How to reach Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri has good connectivity by rail, roads and air with major cities of India. The nearest Airport at Agra support the air travel from different cities and countries. Visitors can avail the services of taxis, cabs from the Agra airport and reach Fatehpur Sikri within 45 minutes, as this city is about 35 km away from Agra airport. Fatehpur Sikri has its own railway station that connects from Agra city. Popular trains like Avadh express and Haldighati Passenger trains runs through this station. UPSRTC buses also run from Fatehpur Sikri to different cities.
Quick Facts about Fatehpur SikriArea - 8.0 Sq. Km
Elevation - 176 m
Population as per 2011 Census
Population - 32,905
Density - 4,113.1/ km2
Time zone - IST
Postal Index Number - 283110
STD Code - 0562
Official languages - Hindi, English and Urdu
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